In this chapter, you will learn how to install and configure all aspects of the KijiSchema system.
Kiji has been tested on GNU/Linux (Ubuntu 12.04, 12.10 and CentOS-6.3) and Mac OS X (10.8.x, 10.7.x, 10.6.x).
Kiji is a Java-based system. To run Kiji applications, you will need to download the Oracle Java JRE. To develop Kiji applications, you will need the Oracle Java JDK. We have tested this system with the Oracle Java “Hotspot” JVM, version 6. Other JVMs are not supported at this time. If you are running OS X, this is installed by default.
Kiji is built on top of Hadoop and HBase. Our system depends on Cloudera’s Distribution including Apache Hadoop, version 4 (CDH4). If you downloaded the BentoBox, a zero-configuration development/test cluster is included in the package. If you downloaded KijiSchema, you will need to install and configure Hadoop and HBase separately.
Installing and Configuring Kiji Clients
After downloading either the BentoBox (
kiji-bento-version-release.tar.gz) or KijiSchema (
kiji-schema-version-release.tar.gz), unzip the archive with the command
tar vzxf filename. This will create to a directory named
$KIJI_HOME should be set to this directory. For example:
$ export KIJI_HOME=/path/to/kiji-bento-(version)
You should edit your
.bashrc file to contain this line so that it’s incorporated in your environment for future bash sessions.
If you’re using the BentoBox edition, you can set up your environment as follows:
$ source $KIJI_HOME/bin/kiji-env.sh $ bento start
This starts the bento mini cluster and updates your environment variables to use it. After a few seconds you should be able to view the status page of your own mini HBase cluster at http://localhost:60010/. (If you don’t see it right away, wait 10 seconds and reload the page.) You’re now ready to proceed with installing Kiji onto your cluster.
If you installed only KijiSchema (not the BentoBox), you should instead set
$HBASE_HOME and make sure the Hadoop HDFS and HBase services are running.
For help configuring CDH, see Cloudera’s CDH4 Installation Guide.
Installing Kiji System Tables
Kiji will manage tables for you on top of your HBase cluster. Each Kiji table corresponds to a physical HBase table. There are also a number of system tables that hold metadata maintained by Kiji itself. Before you can use Kiji, you must run its install command and create these system tables.
Issue the following command from your Kiji release directory to install a Kiji instance with the name
$ bin/kiji install
You should see output like the following:
Creating kiji instance: kiji://localhost:2181/default/ Creating meta tables for kiji instance in hbase... 12/11/06 19:48:44 INFO org.kiji.schema.KijiInstaller: Installing a kiji instance named 'default'... 12/11/06 19:48:50 INFO org.kiji.schema.KijiInstaller: Installed kiji 'default' Successfully created kiji instance: kiji://localhost:2181/default/
Now you can create some tables in the DDL schema-shell, explore the Phonebook example, and get started building a Maven project with Kiji. See the quickstart guide to get acquainted with the tools.
Due to the fault-tolerant nature of Hadoop and HBase, your Kiji instance should not require much ongoing maintenance. The following list of recommended practices describe what maintenance should be performed to ensure uninterrupted operation.
Remove old logs - If log files fill a disk, Hadoop and HBase services may be disrupted. Make sure to archive or delete old log files in
$HBASE_HOME/logson a regular basis.
Flush KijiSchema metadata tables - KijiSchema metadata tables are not frequently updated. When an update happens, it is only recorded in the write-ahead logs for the table. Periodically, you should run
bin/kiji flush-table --metato flush metadata tables. This should be scheduled to run during a period of low activity, nightly or weekly.
Missing HBase Regions
If HBase shuts down incorrectly or HDFS issues cause data loss, HBase’s own metadata tables
.META. may have inconsistent data. You can verify that your HBase metadata tables are in good order by running
hbase hbck prints
Status: INCONSISTENT, the advice in this section may help you restore functionality.
Some problems can be fixed by running
hbase hbck -fix. This should be your first attempt.
One particular kind of issue is a “hole” in the region chain for a table. Each row stored in a table is assigned a region based on its row key. Each region is responsible for a slice of the row key space. There should be no gaps between these slices. If you run
hbase hbck -details, it will print an error similar to the following if it detects a hole in the region chain:
$ hbase hbck -details ... Chain of regions in table kiji.instance.table.tablename is broken; edges does not contain key Table kiji..table.tablename is inconsistent. ... Status: INCONSISTENT
If the files for a missing region are present in HDFS, then no data has been lost. HBase has simply lost track of the metadata for the region. The following command can be used to scan your HBase root directory in HDFS for region data, and add any regions back to tables that are missing from the HBase metadata:
$ hbase hbck -repairHoles
See hbck in depth for more details.
KijiSchema User Guide
- What is KijiSchema?
- Data Model
- Managing Data
- Accessing Data
- For Administrators
- DDL Shell Reference
- Command-Line Tool Reference