For this tutorial, we assume you are either using the standalone Kiji BentoBox or have installed the individual components described here. If you don't have a working environment yet, you can install the standalone Kiji BentoBox in three quick steps!

If you already installed BentoBox, make sure you have started it:

bento start


If you have downloaded the standalone Kiji BentoBox, the code for this tutorial is already compiled and located in the ${KIJI_HOME}/examples/music/ directory. Commands in this tutorial will depend on this location:

export MUSIC_HOME=${KIJI_HOME}/examples/music

If you are not using the Kiji BentoBox, set MUSIC_HOME to the path of your local kiji-music repository.

Once you have done this, if you are using Kiji BentoBox you can skip to “Set your environment variables” if you want to get started playing with the example code. Otherwise, follow these steps to compile it from source.

The source code for this tutorial can be found in ${MUSIC_HOME}. The source is included along with a Maven project. To get started using Maven, consult Getting started With Maven or the Apache Maven Homepage.

The following tools are required to compile this project:

  • Maven 3.x
  • Java 6

To compile, run mvn package from ${MUSIC_HOME}. The build artifacts (.jar files) will be placed in the ${MUSIC_HOME}/target/ directory. This tutorial assumes you are using the pre-built jars included with the music recommendation example under ${MUSIC_HOME}/lib/. If you wish to use jars of example code that you have built, you should adjust the command lines in this tutorial to use the jars in ${MUSIC_HOME}/target/.

Set your environment variables

After Bento starts, it will display ports you will need to complete this tutorial. It will be useful to know the address of the MapReduce JobTracker webapp (http://localhost:50030 by default) while working through this tutorial.

It will be useful to define an environment variable named KIJI that holds a Kiji URI to the Kiji instance we’ll use during this tutorial.

export KIJI=kiji://.env/kiji_music

To work through this tutorial, various Kiji tools will require that Avro data type definitions particular to the working music recommendation example be on the classpath. You can add your artifacts to the Kiji classpath by running:

export LIBS_DIR=${MUSIC_HOME}/lib

Install Kiji and Create Tables

Install your Kiji instance:

kiji install --kiji=${KIJI}

Create the Kiji music tables:

kiji-schema-shell --kiji=${KIJI} --file=${MUSIC_HOME}/music_schema.ddl

This command uses kiji-schema-shell to create the tables using the KijiSchema DDL, which makes specifying table layouts easy. See the KijiSchema DDL Shell reference for more information on the KijiSchema DDL.

(Optional) Generate Data

The music recommendation example comes with pregenerated song data in ${MUSIC_HOME}/example_data. These .json files contain randomly-generated song information and randomly-generated usage information for this tutorial.

If you wish to generate new data, wipe the data directory, then use the python script provided.

rm ${MUSIC_HOME}/example_data/*
${MUSIC_HOME}/bin/ --output-dir=${MUSIC_HOME}/example_data/

This should generate 3 JSON files: example_data/song-dist.json, example_data/song-metadata.json and example_data/song-plays.json.

Upload Data to HDFS

Upload the data set to HDFS (this step is required, even if you did not generate new data):

hadoop fs -mkdir kiji-mr-tutorial
hadoop fs -copyFromLocal ${MUSIC_HOME}/example_data/*.json kiji-mr-tutorial/